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EPILEPSY

Risk Factors

Risks occurring from a seizure:
     - progression to a generalized seizure
     - epilepsy (recurrent seizures)
     - prolonged or closely occuring seizures (status epilepticus)
     - injury from falls, bumps, biting oneself
     - injur caused by a seizure during driving/ operating machinery
     - aspiration pneumonia
     - permanent brain damage (stroke or other damage)
     - side effects of medications (with or without observable symptoms)
     - complications of surgery
          (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
 
The risk of developing epilepsy increases if you have:
     - family history of epilepsy
     - head injury (for example, a penetrating wound or skull fracture) with loss of conciousness or amnesia for more than 24 hours. The more severe the injury, the higher the risk.
     - Stroke or conditions that affect the blood vessels (vascular system) in the brain.
     - brain tumor
     - brain infection, such as encephaliis or meningitis
     - lead poisoning, food poisoning, or exposure to toxic fmes
     - problems with brain development that occurred before birth
     - substance abuse
     - fever seizures (also known as febrile convulsions)
     - Alzheimer's disease.
          (Rowett, Dana L.)
 
*Epilepsy may develop even though no risk factors are present.  This is especially true of many forms of childhood epilepsy.  (Rowett, Dana L.)

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